Development of Basic Education Literacy Profile of Children Who Are Not Going to School in District Rawalpindi, Pakistan

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  •   Tahseen Asif

  •   Nazia Rafiq

  •   Muhammad Iqbal

  •   Anwar Ali

  •   Muhammad Asif Haider

  •   Zaib U Nisa

  •   Hasnain Raza

Abstract

Education is the basic tool to eradicating poverty. Almost half of the population of Pakistan is illiterate and many children who are school aged are not attending the school. Rural areas of Pakistan are considered educationally deprived areas, where particularly girls are not sent to school. Pakistan expends around 2% of GDP on education that shows the low priority is given to education that is lowest among all developing countries. Even these insufficient resources are not utilized proficiently, due to it the learning standard and learning outcome of the students are below average. The study aimed to find out the causes of educational deprivation among out of school children. This study and data show that about Pakistan’s school going population and importance about those children who are not going to school. Quantitative research method was used as methodology. The intended study was descriptive survey in nature. School Heads of Primary and Middle Schools of three tehsils (Rawalpindi, Kahuta, and Murree) were the population of the study and 345 were sampled through multistage sampling technique. Questionnaire used as tool for data collection. The quantitative data analysed through central tendency and standard deviation. The beneficiaries of the study were the students, parents. Educational planners and policy makers, school heads and society. The overall study indicated poor academic performance at early stages of schooling, poverty, teachers’ personality, and training, child labour and school management.


Keywords: Deprivation, Poverty, Children not going to school

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How to Cite
Asif, T., Rafiq, N., Iqbal, M., Ali, A., Haider, M. A., Nisa, Z. U., & Raza, H. (2021). Development of Basic Education Literacy Profile of Children Who Are Not Going to School in District Rawalpindi, Pakistan. European Journal of Education and Pedagogy, 2(3), 105–109. https://doi.org/10.24018/ejedu.2021.2.3.128